CloudTrail

Table of Contents

Client

class CloudTrail.Client

A low-level client representing AWS CloudTrail:

client = session.create_client('cloudtrail')

These are the available methods:

add_tags(**kwargs)

Adds one or more tags to a trail, up to a limit of 50. Tags must be unique per trail. Overwrites an existing tag's value when a new value is specified for an existing tag key. If you specify a key without a value, the tag will be created with the specified key and a value of null. You can tag a trail that applies to all regions only from the region in which the trail was created (that is, from its home region).

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.add_tags(
    ResourceId='string',
    TagsList=[
        {
            'Key': 'string',
            'Value': 'string'
        },
    ]
)
Parameters
  • ResourceId (string) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the ARN of the trail to which one or more tags will be added. The format of a trail ARN is:

    arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
  • TagsList (list) --

    Contains a list of CloudTrail tags, up to a limit of 50

    • (dict) --

      A custom key-value pair associated with a resource such as a CloudTrail trail.

      • Key (string) -- [REQUIRED]

        The key in a key-value pair. The key must be must be no longer than 128 Unicode characters. The key must be unique for the resource to which it applies.

      • Value (string) --

        The value in a key-value pair of a tag. The value must be no longer than 256 Unicode characters.

Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

can_paginate(operation_name)

Check if an operation can be paginated.

Parameters
operation_name (string) -- The operation name. This is the same name as the method name on the client. For example, if the method name is create_foo, and you'd normally invoke the operation as client.create_foo(**kwargs), if the create_foo operation can be paginated, you can use the call client.get_paginator("create_foo").
Returns
True if the operation can be paginated, False otherwise.
create_trail(**kwargs)

Creates a trail that specifies the settings for delivery of log data to an Amazon S3 bucket. A maximum of five trails can exist in a region, irrespective of the region in which they were created.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.create_trail(
    Name='string',
    S3BucketName='string',
    S3KeyPrefix='string',
    SnsTopicName='string',
    IncludeGlobalServiceEvents=True|False,
    IsMultiRegionTrail=True|False,
    EnableLogFileValidation=True|False,
    CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn='string',
    CloudWatchLogsRoleArn='string',
    KmsKeyId='string'
)
Parameters
  • Name (string) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the name of the trail. The name must meet the following requirements:

    • Contain only ASCII letters (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9), periods (.), underscores (_), or dashes (-)
    • Start with a letter or number, and end with a letter or number
    • Be between 3 and 128 characters
    • Have no adjacent periods, underscores or dashes. Names like my-_namespace and my--namespace are invalid.
    • Not be in IP address format (for example, 192.168.5.4)
  • S3BucketName (string) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the name of the Amazon S3 bucket designated for publishing log files. See Amazon S3 Bucket Naming Requirements .

  • S3KeyPrefix (string) -- Specifies the Amazon S3 key prefix that comes after the name of the bucket you have designated for log file delivery. For more information, see Finding Your CloudTrail Log Files . The maximum length is 200 characters.
  • SnsTopicName (string) -- Specifies the name of the Amazon SNS topic defined for notification of log file delivery. The maximum length is 256 characters.
  • IncludeGlobalServiceEvents (boolean) -- Specifies whether the trail is publishing events from global services such as IAM to the log files.
  • IsMultiRegionTrail (boolean) -- Specifies whether the trail is created in the current region or in all regions. The default is false.
  • EnableLogFileValidation (boolean) --

    Specifies whether log file integrity validation is enabled. The default is false.

    Note

    When you disable log file integrity validation, the chain of digest files is broken after one hour. CloudTrail will not create digest files for log files that were delivered during a period in which log file integrity validation was disabled. For example, if you enable log file integrity validation at noon on January 1, disable it at noon on January 2, and re-enable it at noon on January 10, digest files will not be created for the log files delivered from noon on January 2 to noon on January 10. The same applies whenever you stop CloudTrail logging or delete a trail.

  • CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn (string) -- Specifies a log group name using an Amazon Resource Name (ARN), a unique identifier that represents the log group to which CloudTrail logs will be delivered. Not required unless you specify CloudWatchLogsRoleArn.
  • CloudWatchLogsRoleArn (string) -- Specifies the role for the CloudWatch Logs endpoint to assume to write to a user's log group.
  • KmsKeyId (string) --

    Specifies the KMS key ID to use to encrypt the logs delivered by CloudTrail. The value can be an alias name prefixed by "alias/", a fully specified ARN to an alias, a fully specified ARN to a key, or a globally unique identifier.

    Examples:

    • alias/MyAliasName
    • arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:alias/MyAliasName
    • arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012
    • 12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'Name': 'string',
    'S3BucketName': 'string',
    'S3KeyPrefix': 'string',
    'SnsTopicName': 'string',
    'SnsTopicARN': 'string',
    'IncludeGlobalServiceEvents': True|False,
    'IsMultiRegionTrail': True|False,
    'TrailARN': 'string',
    'LogFileValidationEnabled': True|False,
    'CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn': 'string',
    'CloudWatchLogsRoleArn': 'string',
    'KmsKeyId': 'string'
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

    • Name (string) --

      Specifies the name of the trail.

    • S3BucketName (string) --

      Specifies the name of the Amazon S3 bucket designated for publishing log files.

    • S3KeyPrefix (string) --

      Specifies the Amazon S3 key prefix that comes after the name of the bucket you have designated for log file delivery. For more information, see Finding Your CloudTrail Log Files .

    • SnsTopicName (string) --

      This field is deprecated. Use SnsTopicARN.

    • SnsTopicARN (string) --

      Specifies the ARN of the Amazon SNS topic that CloudTrail uses to send notifications when log files are delivered. The format of a topic ARN is:

      arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:123456789012:MyTopic

    • IncludeGlobalServiceEvents (boolean) --

      Specifies whether the trail is publishing events from global services such as IAM to the log files.

    • IsMultiRegionTrail (boolean) --

      Specifies whether the trail exists in one region or in all regions.

    • TrailARN (string) --

      Specifies the ARN of the trail that was created. The format of a trail ARN is:

      arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail

    • LogFileValidationEnabled (boolean) --

      Specifies whether log file integrity validation is enabled.

    • CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn (string) --

      Specifies the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the log group to which CloudTrail logs will be delivered.

    • CloudWatchLogsRoleArn (string) --

      Specifies the role for the CloudWatch Logs endpoint to assume to write to a user's log group.

    • KmsKeyId (string) --

      Specifies the KMS key ID that encrypts the logs delivered by CloudTrail. The value is a fully specified ARN to a KMS key in the format:

      arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012

delete_trail(**kwargs)

Deletes a trail. This operation must be called from the region in which the trail was created. DeleteTrail cannot be called on the shadow trails (replicated trails in other regions) of a trail that is enabled in all regions.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.delete_trail(
    Name='string'
)
Parameters
Name (string) --

[REQUIRED]

Specifies the name or the CloudTrail ARN of the trail to be deleted. The format of a trail ARN is: arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail

Return type
dict
Returns
Response Syntax
{}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

describe_trails(**kwargs)

Retrieves settings for the trail associated with the current region for your account.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.describe_trails(
    trailNameList=[
        'string',
    ],
    includeShadowTrails=True|False
)
Parameters
  • trailNameList (list) --

    Specifies a list of trail names, trail ARNs, or both, of the trails to describe. The format of a trail ARN is:

    arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail

    If an empty list is specified, information for the trail in the current region is returned.

    • If an empty list is specified and IncludeShadowTrails is false, then information for all trails in the current region is returned.
    • If an empty list is specified and IncludeShadowTrails is null or true, then information for all trails in the current region and any associated shadow trails in other regions is returned.

    Note

    If one or more trail names are specified, information is returned only if the names match the names of trails belonging only to the current region. To return information about a trail in another region, you must specify its trail ARN.

    • (string) --
  • includeShadowTrails (boolean) -- Specifies whether to include shadow trails in the response. A shadow trail is the replication in a region of a trail that was created in a different region. The default is true.
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'trailList': [
        {
            'Name': 'string',
            'S3BucketName': 'string',
            'S3KeyPrefix': 'string',
            'SnsTopicName': 'string',
            'SnsTopicARN': 'string',
            'IncludeGlobalServiceEvents': True|False,
            'IsMultiRegionTrail': True|False,
            'HomeRegion': 'string',
            'TrailARN': 'string',
            'LogFileValidationEnabled': True|False,
            'CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn': 'string',
            'CloudWatchLogsRoleArn': 'string',
            'KmsKeyId': 'string',
            'HasCustomEventSelectors': True|False
        },
    ]
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

    • trailList (list) --

      The list of trail objects.

      • (dict) --

        The settings for a trail.

        • Name (string) --

          Name of the trail set by calling CreateTrail . The maximum length is 128 characters.

        • S3BucketName (string) --

          Name of the Amazon S3 bucket into which CloudTrail delivers your trail files. See Amazon S3 Bucket Naming Requirements .

        • S3KeyPrefix (string) --

          Specifies the Amazon S3 key prefix that comes after the name of the bucket you have designated for log file delivery. For more information, see Finding Your CloudTrail Log Files .The maximum length is 200 characters.

        • SnsTopicName (string) --

          This field is deprecated. Use SnsTopicARN.

        • SnsTopicARN (string) --

          Specifies the ARN of the Amazon SNS topic that CloudTrail uses to send notifications when log files are delivered. The format of a topic ARN is:

          arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:123456789012:MyTopic

        • IncludeGlobalServiceEvents (boolean) --

          Set to True to include AWS API calls from AWS global services such as IAM. Otherwise, False .

        • IsMultiRegionTrail (boolean) --

          Specifies whether the trail belongs only to one region or exists in all regions.

        • HomeRegion (string) --

          The region in which the trail was created.

        • TrailARN (string) --

          Specifies the ARN of the trail. The format of a trail ARN is:

          arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail

        • LogFileValidationEnabled (boolean) --

          Specifies whether log file validation is enabled.

        • CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn (string) --

          Specifies an Amazon Resource Name (ARN), a unique identifier that represents the log group to which CloudTrail logs will be delivered.

        • CloudWatchLogsRoleArn (string) --

          Specifies the role for the CloudWatch Logs endpoint to assume to write to a user's log group.

        • KmsKeyId (string) --

          Specifies the KMS key ID that encrypts the logs delivered by CloudTrail. The value is a fully specified ARN to a KMS key in the format:

          arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012

        • HasCustomEventSelectors (boolean) --

          Specifies if the trail has custom event selectors.

generate_presigned_url(ClientMethod, Params=None, ExpiresIn=3600, HttpMethod=None)

Generate a presigned url given a client, its method, and arguments

Parameters
  • ClientMethod (string) -- The client method to presign for
  • Params (dict) -- The parameters normally passed to ClientMethod.
  • ExpiresIn (int) -- The number of seconds the presigned url is valid for. By default it expires in an hour (3600 seconds)
  • HttpMethod (string) -- The http method to use on the generated url. By default, the http method is whatever is used in the method's model.
Returns

The presigned url

get_event_selectors(**kwargs)

Describes the settings for the event selectors that you configured for your trail. The information returned for your event selectors includes the following:

  • The S3 objects that you are logging for data events.
  • If your event selector includes management events.
  • If your event selector includes read-only events, write-only events, or all.

For more information, see Logging Data and Management Events for Trails in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.get_event_selectors(
    TrailName='string'
)
Parameters
TrailName (string) --

[REQUIRED]

Specifies the name of the trail or trail ARN. If you specify a trail name, the string must meet the following requirements:

  • Contain only ASCII letters (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9), periods (.), underscores (_), or dashes (-)
  • Start with a letter or number, and end with a letter or number
  • Be between 3 and 128 characters
  • Have no adjacent periods, underscores or dashes. Names like my-_namespace and my--namespace are invalid.
  • Not be in IP address format (for example, 192.168.5.4)

If you specify a trail ARN, it must be in the format:

arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
Return type
dict
Returns
Response Syntax
{
    'TrailARN': 'string',
    'EventSelectors': [
        {
            'ReadWriteType': 'ReadOnly'|'WriteOnly'|'All',
            'IncludeManagementEvents': True|False,
            'DataResources': [
                {
                    'Type': 'string',
                    'Values': [
                        'string',
                    ]
                },
            ]
        },
    ]
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --
    • TrailARN (string) --

      The specified trail ARN that has the event selectors.

    • EventSelectors (list) --

      The event selectors that are configured for the trail.

      • (dict) --

        Use event selectors to specify whether you want your trail to log management and/or data events. When an event occurs in your account, CloudTrail evaluates the event selector for all trails. For each trail, if the event matches any event selector, the trail processes and logs the event. If the event doesn't match any event selector, the trail doesn't log the event.

        You can configure up to five event selectors for a trail.

        • ReadWriteType (string) --

          Specify if you want your trail to log read-only events, write-only events, or all. For example, the EC2 GetConsoleOutput is a read-only API operation and RunInstances is a write-only API operation.

          By default, the value is All .

        • IncludeManagementEvents (boolean) --

          Specify if you want your event selector to include management events for your trail.

          For more information, see Management Events in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

          By default, the value is true .

        • DataResources (list) --

          CloudTrail supports logging only data events for S3 objects. You can specify up to 250 S3 buckets and object prefixes for a trail.

          For more information, see Data Events in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

          • (dict) --

            The Amazon S3 objects that you specify in your event selectors for your trail to log data events. Data events are object-level API operations that access S3 objects, such as GetObject , DeleteObject , and PutObject . You can specify up to 250 S3 buckets and object prefixes for a trail.

            Example

            • You create an event selector for a trail and specify an S3 bucket and an empty prefix, such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/ .
            • You upload an image file to bucket-1 .
            • The PutObject API operation occurs on an object in the S3 bucket that you specified in the event selector. The trail processes and logs the event.
            • You upload another image file to a different S3 bucket named arn:aws:s3:::bucket-2 .
            • The event occurs on an object in an S3 bucket that you didn't specify in the event selector. The trail doesn’t log the event.
            • Type (string) --

              The resource type in which you want to log data events. You can specify only the following value: AWS::S3::Object .

            • Values (list) --

              A list of ARN-like strings for the specified S3 objects.

              To log data events for all objects in an S3 bucket, specify the bucket and an empty object prefix such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/ . The trail logs data events for all objects in this S3 bucket.

              To log data events for specific objects, specify the S3 bucket and object prefix such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/example-images . The trail logs data events for objects in this S3 bucket that match the prefix.

              • (string) --
get_paginator(operation_name)

Create a paginator for an operation.

Parameters
operation_name (string) -- The operation name. This is the same name as the method name on the client. For example, if the method name is create_foo, and you'd normally invoke the operation as client.create_foo(**kwargs), if the create_foo operation can be paginated, you can use the call client.get_paginator("create_foo").
Raises OperationNotPageableError
Raised if the operation is not pageable. You can use the client.can_paginate method to check if an operation is pageable.
Return type
L{botocore.paginate.Paginator}
Returns
A paginator object.
get_trail_status(**kwargs)

Returns a JSON-formatted list of information about the specified trail. Fields include information on delivery errors, Amazon SNS and Amazon S3 errors, and start and stop logging times for each trail. This operation returns trail status from a single region. To return trail status from all regions, you must call the operation on each region.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.get_trail_status(
    Name='string'
)
Parameters
Name (string) --

[REQUIRED]

Specifies the name or the CloudTrail ARN of the trail for which you are requesting status. To get the status of a shadow trail (a replication of the trail in another region), you must specify its ARN. The format of a trail ARN is:

arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
Return type
dict
Returns
Response Syntax
{
    'IsLogging': True|False,
    'LatestDeliveryError': 'string',
    'LatestNotificationError': 'string',
    'LatestDeliveryTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    'LatestNotificationTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    'StartLoggingTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    'StopLoggingTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    'LatestCloudWatchLogsDeliveryError': 'string',
    'LatestCloudWatchLogsDeliveryTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    'LatestDigestDeliveryTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    'LatestDigestDeliveryError': 'string',
    'LatestDeliveryAttemptTime': 'string',
    'LatestNotificationAttemptTime': 'string',
    'LatestNotificationAttemptSucceeded': 'string',
    'LatestDeliveryAttemptSucceeded': 'string',
    'TimeLoggingStarted': 'string',
    'TimeLoggingStopped': 'string'
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

    • IsLogging (boolean) --

      Whether the CloudTrail is currently logging AWS API calls.

    • LatestDeliveryError (string) --

      Displays any Amazon S3 error that CloudTrail encountered when attempting to deliver log files to the designated bucket. For more information see the topic Error Responses in the Amazon S3 API Reference.

      Note

      This error occurs only when there is a problem with the destination S3 bucket and will not occur for timeouts. To resolve the issue, create a new bucket and call UpdateTrail to specify the new bucket, or fix the existing objects so that CloudTrail can again write to the bucket.

    • LatestNotificationError (string) --

      Displays any Amazon SNS error that CloudTrail encountered when attempting to send a notification. For more information about Amazon SNS errors, see the Amazon SNS Developer Guide .

    • LatestDeliveryTime (datetime) --

      Specifies the date and time that CloudTrail last delivered log files to an account's Amazon S3 bucket.

    • LatestNotificationTime (datetime) --

      Specifies the date and time of the most recent Amazon SNS notification that CloudTrail has written a new log file to an account's Amazon S3 bucket.

    • StartLoggingTime (datetime) --

      Specifies the most recent date and time when CloudTrail started recording API calls for an AWS account.

    • StopLoggingTime (datetime) --

      Specifies the most recent date and time when CloudTrail stopped recording API calls for an AWS account.

    • LatestCloudWatchLogsDeliveryError (string) --

      Displays any CloudWatch Logs error that CloudTrail encountered when attempting to deliver logs to CloudWatch Logs.

    • LatestCloudWatchLogsDeliveryTime (datetime) --

      Displays the most recent date and time when CloudTrail delivered logs to CloudWatch Logs.

    • LatestDigestDeliveryTime (datetime) --

      Specifies the date and time that CloudTrail last delivered a digest file to an account's Amazon S3 bucket.

    • LatestDigestDeliveryError (string) --

      Displays any Amazon S3 error that CloudTrail encountered when attempting to deliver a digest file to the designated bucket. For more information see the topic Error Responses in the Amazon S3 API Reference.

      Note

      This error occurs only when there is a problem with the destination S3 bucket and will not occur for timeouts. To resolve the issue, create a new bucket and call UpdateTrail to specify the new bucket, or fix the existing objects so that CloudTrail can again write to the bucket.

    • LatestDeliveryAttemptTime (string) --

      This field is deprecated.

    • LatestNotificationAttemptTime (string) --

      This field is deprecated.

    • LatestNotificationAttemptSucceeded (string) --

      This field is deprecated.

    • LatestDeliveryAttemptSucceeded (string) --

      This field is deprecated.

    • TimeLoggingStarted (string) --

      This field is deprecated.

    • TimeLoggingStopped (string) --

      This field is deprecated.

get_waiter(waiter_name)
list_public_keys(**kwargs)

Returns all public keys whose private keys were used to sign the digest files within the specified time range. The public key is needed to validate digest files that were signed with its corresponding private key.

Note

CloudTrail uses different private/public key pairs per region. Each digest file is signed with a private key unique to its region. Therefore, when you validate a digest file from a particular region, you must look in the same region for its corresponding public key.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.list_public_keys(
    StartTime=datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    EndTime=datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    NextToken='string'
)
Parameters
  • StartTime (datetime) -- Optionally specifies, in UTC, the start of the time range to look up public keys for CloudTrail digest files. If not specified, the current time is used, and the current public key is returned.
  • EndTime (datetime) -- Optionally specifies, in UTC, the end of the time range to look up public keys for CloudTrail digest files. If not specified, the current time is used.
  • NextToken (string) -- Reserved for future use.
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'PublicKeyList': [
        {
            'Value': b'bytes',
            'ValidityStartTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
            'ValidityEndTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
            'Fingerprint': 'string'
        },
    ],
    'NextToken': 'string'
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

    • PublicKeyList (list) --

      Contains an array of PublicKey objects.

      Note

      The returned public keys may have validity time ranges that overlap.

      • (dict) --

        Contains information about a returned public key.

        • Value (bytes) --

          The DER encoded public key value in PKCS#1 format.

        • ValidityStartTime (datetime) --

          The starting time of validity of the public key.

        • ValidityEndTime (datetime) --

          The ending time of validity of the public key.

        • Fingerprint (string) --

          The fingerprint of the public key.

    • NextToken (string) --

      Reserved for future use.

list_tags(**kwargs)

Lists the tags for the trail in the current region.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.list_tags(
    ResourceIdList=[
        'string',
    ],
    NextToken='string'
)
Parameters
  • ResourceIdList (list) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies a list of trail ARNs whose tags will be listed. The list has a limit of 20 ARNs. The format of a trail ARN is:

    arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
    • (string) --
  • NextToken (string) -- Reserved for future use.
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'ResourceTagList': [
        {
            'ResourceId': 'string',
            'TagsList': [
                {
                    'Key': 'string',
                    'Value': 'string'
                },
            ]
        },
    ],
    'NextToken': 'string'
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

    • ResourceTagList (list) --

      A list of resource tags.

      • (dict) --

        A resource tag.

        • ResourceId (string) --

          Specifies the ARN of the resource.

        • TagsList (list) --

          A list of tags.

          • (dict) --

            A custom key-value pair associated with a resource such as a CloudTrail trail.

            • Key (string) --

              The key in a key-value pair. The key must be must be no longer than 128 Unicode characters. The key must be unique for the resource to which it applies.

            • Value (string) --

              The value in a key-value pair of a tag. The value must be no longer than 256 Unicode characters.

    • NextToken (string) --

      Reserved for future use.

lookup_events(**kwargs)

Looks up API activity events captured by CloudTrail that create, update, or delete resources in your account. Events for a region can be looked up for the times in which you had CloudTrail turned on in that region during the last seven days. Lookup supports the following attributes:

  • Event ID
  • Event name
  • Event source
  • Resource name
  • Resource type
  • User name

All attributes are optional. The default number of results returned is 10, with a maximum of 50 possible. The response includes a token that you can use to get the next page of results.

Warning

The rate of lookup requests is limited to one per second per account. If this limit is exceeded, a throttling error occurs.

Warning

Events that occurred during the selected time range will not be available for lookup if CloudTrail logging was not enabled when the events occurred.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.lookup_events(
    LookupAttributes=[
        {
            'AttributeKey': 'EventId'|'EventName'|'Username'|'ResourceType'|'ResourceName'|'EventSource',
            'AttributeValue': 'string'
        },
    ],
    StartTime=datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    EndTime=datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    MaxResults=123,
    NextToken='string'
)
Parameters
  • LookupAttributes (list) --

    Contains a list of lookup attributes. Currently the list can contain only one item.

    • (dict) --

      Specifies an attribute and value that filter the events returned.

      • AttributeKey (string) -- [REQUIRED]

        Specifies an attribute on which to filter the events returned.

      • AttributeValue (string) -- [REQUIRED]

        Specifies a value for the specified AttributeKey.

  • StartTime (datetime) -- Specifies that only events that occur after or at the specified time are returned. If the specified start time is after the specified end time, an error is returned.
  • EndTime (datetime) -- Specifies that only events that occur before or at the specified time are returned. If the specified end time is before the specified start time, an error is returned.
  • MaxResults (integer) -- The number of events to return. Possible values are 1 through 50. The default is 10.
  • NextToken (string) -- The token to use to get the next page of results after a previous API call. This token must be passed in with the same parameters that were specified in the the original call. For example, if the original call specified an AttributeKey of 'Username' with a value of 'root', the call with NextToken should include those same parameters.
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'Events': [
        {
            'EventId': 'string',
            'EventName': 'string',
            'EventTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
            'EventSource': 'string',
            'Username': 'string',
            'Resources': [
                {
                    'ResourceType': 'string',
                    'ResourceName': 'string'
                },
            ],
            'CloudTrailEvent': 'string'
        },
    ],
    'NextToken': 'string'
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Contains a response to a LookupEvents action.

    • Events (list) --

      A list of events returned based on the lookup attributes specified and the CloudTrail event. The events list is sorted by time. The most recent event is listed first.

      • (dict) --

        Contains information about an event that was returned by a lookup request. The result includes a representation of a CloudTrail event.

        • EventId (string) --

          The CloudTrail ID of the event returned.

        • EventName (string) --

          The name of the event returned.

        • EventTime (datetime) --

          The date and time of the event returned.

        • EventSource (string) --

          The AWS service that the request was made to.

        • Username (string) --

          A user name or role name of the requester that called the API in the event returned.

        • Resources (list) --

          A list of resources referenced by the event returned.

          • (dict) --

            Specifies the type and name of a resource referenced by an event.

            • ResourceType (string) --

              The type of a resource referenced by the event returned. When the resource type cannot be determined, null is returned. Some examples of resource types are: Instance for EC2, Trail for CloudTrail, DBInstance for RDS, and AccessKey for IAM. For a list of resource types supported for event lookup, see Resource Types Supported for Event Lookup .

            • ResourceName (string) --

              The name of the resource referenced by the event returned. These are user-created names whose values will depend on the environment. For example, the resource name might be "auto-scaling-test-group" for an Auto Scaling Group or "i-1234567" for an EC2 Instance.

        • CloudTrailEvent (string) --

          A JSON string that contains a representation of the event returned.

    • NextToken (string) --

      The token to use to get the next page of results after a previous API call. If the token does not appear, there are no more results to return. The token must be passed in with the same parameters as the previous call. For example, if the original call specified an AttributeKey of 'Username' with a value of 'root', the call with NextToken should include those same parameters.

put_event_selectors(**kwargs)

Configures an event selector for your trail. Use event selectors to specify whether you want your trail to log management and/or data events. When an event occurs in your account, CloudTrail evaluates the event selectors in all trails. For each trail, if the event matches any event selector, the trail processes and logs the event. If the event doesn't match any event selector, the trail doesn't log the event.

Example

  • You create an event selector for a trail and specify that you want write-only events.
  • The EC2 GetConsoleOutput and RunInstances API operations occur in your account.
  • CloudTrail evaluates whether the events match your event selectors.
  • The RunInstances is a write-only event and it matches your event selector. The trail logs the event.
  • The GetConsoleOutput is a read-only event but it doesn't match your event selector. The trail doesn't log the event.

The PutEventSelectors operation must be called from the region in which the trail was created; otherwise, an InvalidHomeRegionException is thrown.

You can configure up to five event selectors for each trail. For more information, see Logging Data and Management Events for Trails in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.put_event_selectors(
    TrailName='string',
    EventSelectors=[
        {
            'ReadWriteType': 'ReadOnly'|'WriteOnly'|'All',
            'IncludeManagementEvents': True|False,
            'DataResources': [
                {
                    'Type': 'string',
                    'Values': [
                        'string',
                    ]
                },
            ]
        },
    ]
)
Parameters
  • TrailName (string) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the name of the trail or trail ARN. If you specify a trail name, the string must meet the following requirements:

    • Contain only ASCII letters (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9), periods (.), underscores (_), or dashes (-)
    • Start with a letter or number, and end with a letter or number
    • Be between 3 and 128 characters
    • Have no adjacent periods, underscores or dashes. Names like my-_namespace and my--namespace are invalid.
    • Not be in IP address format (for example, 192.168.5.4)

    If you specify a trail ARN, it must be in the format:

    arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
  • EventSelectors (list) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the settings for your event selectors. You can configure up to five event selectors for a trail.

    • (dict) --

      Use event selectors to specify whether you want your trail to log management and/or data events. When an event occurs in your account, CloudTrail evaluates the event selector for all trails. For each trail, if the event matches any event selector, the trail processes and logs the event. If the event doesn't match any event selector, the trail doesn't log the event.

      You can configure up to five event selectors for a trail.

      • ReadWriteType (string) --

        Specify if you want your trail to log read-only events, write-only events, or all. For example, the EC2 GetConsoleOutput is a read-only API operation and RunInstances is a write-only API operation.

        By default, the value is All .

      • IncludeManagementEvents (boolean) --

        Specify if you want your event selector to include management events for your trail.

        For more information, see Management Events in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

        By default, the value is true .

      • DataResources (list) --

        CloudTrail supports logging only data events for S3 objects. You can specify up to 250 S3 buckets and object prefixes for a trail.

        For more information, see Data Events in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

        • (dict) --

          The Amazon S3 objects that you specify in your event selectors for your trail to log data events. Data events are object-level API operations that access S3 objects, such as GetObject , DeleteObject , and PutObject . You can specify up to 250 S3 buckets and object prefixes for a trail.

          Example

          • You create an event selector for a trail and specify an S3 bucket and an empty prefix, such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/ .
          • You upload an image file to bucket-1 .
          • The PutObject API operation occurs on an object in the S3 bucket that you specified in the event selector. The trail processes and logs the event.
          • You upload another image file to a different S3 bucket named arn:aws:s3:::bucket-2 .
          • The event occurs on an object in an S3 bucket that you didn't specify in the event selector. The trail doesn’t log the event.
          • Type (string) --

            The resource type in which you want to log data events. You can specify only the following value: AWS::S3::Object .

          • Values (list) --

            A list of ARN-like strings for the specified S3 objects.

            To log data events for all objects in an S3 bucket, specify the bucket and an empty object prefix such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/ . The trail logs data events for all objects in this S3 bucket.

            To log data events for specific objects, specify the S3 bucket and object prefix such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/example-images . The trail logs data events for objects in this S3 bucket that match the prefix.

            • (string) --
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'TrailARN': 'string',
    'EventSelectors': [
        {
            'ReadWriteType': 'ReadOnly'|'WriteOnly'|'All',
            'IncludeManagementEvents': True|False,
            'DataResources': [
                {
                    'Type': 'string',
                    'Values': [
                        'string',
                    ]
                },
            ]
        },
    ]
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    • TrailARN (string) --

      Specifies the ARN of the trail that was updated with event selectors. The format of a trail ARN is:

      arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail

    • EventSelectors (list) --

      Specifies the event selectors configured for your trail.

      • (dict) --

        Use event selectors to specify whether you want your trail to log management and/or data events. When an event occurs in your account, CloudTrail evaluates the event selector for all trails. For each trail, if the event matches any event selector, the trail processes and logs the event. If the event doesn't match any event selector, the trail doesn't log the event.

        You can configure up to five event selectors for a trail.

        • ReadWriteType (string) --

          Specify if you want your trail to log read-only events, write-only events, or all. For example, the EC2 GetConsoleOutput is a read-only API operation and RunInstances is a write-only API operation.

          By default, the value is All .

        • IncludeManagementEvents (boolean) --

          Specify if you want your event selector to include management events for your trail.

          For more information, see Management Events in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

          By default, the value is true .

        • DataResources (list) --

          CloudTrail supports logging only data events for S3 objects. You can specify up to 250 S3 buckets and object prefixes for a trail.

          For more information, see Data Events in the AWS CloudTrail User Guide .

          • (dict) --

            The Amazon S3 objects that you specify in your event selectors for your trail to log data events. Data events are object-level API operations that access S3 objects, such as GetObject , DeleteObject , and PutObject . You can specify up to 250 S3 buckets and object prefixes for a trail.

            Example

            • You create an event selector for a trail and specify an S3 bucket and an empty prefix, such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/ .
            • You upload an image file to bucket-1 .
            • The PutObject API operation occurs on an object in the S3 bucket that you specified in the event selector. The trail processes and logs the event.
            • You upload another image file to a different S3 bucket named arn:aws:s3:::bucket-2 .
            • The event occurs on an object in an S3 bucket that you didn't specify in the event selector. The trail doesn’t log the event.
            • Type (string) --

              The resource type in which you want to log data events. You can specify only the following value: AWS::S3::Object .

            • Values (list) --

              A list of ARN-like strings for the specified S3 objects.

              To log data events for all objects in an S3 bucket, specify the bucket and an empty object prefix such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/ . The trail logs data events for all objects in this S3 bucket.

              To log data events for specific objects, specify the S3 bucket and object prefix such as arn:aws:s3:::bucket-1/example-images . The trail logs data events for objects in this S3 bucket that match the prefix.

              • (string) --

remove_tags(**kwargs)

Removes the specified tags from a trail.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.remove_tags(
    ResourceId='string',
    TagsList=[
        {
            'Key': 'string',
            'Value': 'string'
        },
    ]
)
Parameters
  • ResourceId (string) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the ARN of the trail from which tags should be removed. The format of a trail ARN is:

    arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
  • TagsList (list) --

    Specifies a list of tags to be removed.

    • (dict) --

      A custom key-value pair associated with a resource such as a CloudTrail trail.

      • Key (string) -- [REQUIRED]

        The key in a key-value pair. The key must be must be no longer than 128 Unicode characters. The key must be unique for the resource to which it applies.

      • Value (string) --

        The value in a key-value pair of a tag. The value must be no longer than 256 Unicode characters.

Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

start_logging(**kwargs)

Starts the recording of AWS API calls and log file delivery for a trail. For a trail that is enabled in all regions, this operation must be called from the region in which the trail was created. This operation cannot be called on the shadow trails (replicated trails in other regions) of a trail that is enabled in all regions.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.start_logging(
    Name='string'
)
Parameters
Name (string) --

[REQUIRED]

Specifies the name or the CloudTrail ARN of the trail for which CloudTrail logs AWS API calls. The format of a trail ARN is:

arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
Return type
dict
Returns
Response Syntax
{}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

stop_logging(**kwargs)

Suspends the recording of AWS API calls and log file delivery for the specified trail. Under most circumstances, there is no need to use this action. You can update a trail without stopping it first. This action is the only way to stop recording. For a trail enabled in all regions, this operation must be called from the region in which the trail was created, or an InvalidHomeRegionException will occur. This operation cannot be called on the shadow trails (replicated trails in other regions) of a trail enabled in all regions.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.stop_logging(
    Name='string'
)
Parameters
Name (string) --

[REQUIRED]

Specifies the name or the CloudTrail ARN of the trail for which CloudTrail will stop logging AWS API calls. The format of a trail ARN is:

arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
Return type
dict
Returns
Response Syntax
{}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

update_trail(**kwargs)

Updates the settings that specify delivery of log files. Changes to a trail do not require stopping the CloudTrail service. Use this action to designate an existing bucket for log delivery. If the existing bucket has previously been a target for CloudTrail log files, an IAM policy exists for the bucket. UpdateTrail must be called from the region in which the trail was created; otherwise, an InvalidHomeRegionException is thrown.

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response = client.update_trail(
    Name='string',
    S3BucketName='string',
    S3KeyPrefix='string',
    SnsTopicName='string',
    IncludeGlobalServiceEvents=True|False,
    IsMultiRegionTrail=True|False,
    EnableLogFileValidation=True|False,
    CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn='string',
    CloudWatchLogsRoleArn='string',
    KmsKeyId='string'
)
Parameters
  • Name (string) --

    [REQUIRED]

    Specifies the name of the trail or trail ARN. If Name is a trail name, the string must meet the following requirements:

    • Contain only ASCII letters (a-z, A-Z), numbers (0-9), periods (.), underscores (_), or dashes (-)
    • Start with a letter or number, and end with a letter or number
    • Be between 3 and 128 characters
    • Have no adjacent periods, underscores or dashes. Names like my-_namespace and my--namespace are invalid.
    • Not be in IP address format (for example, 192.168.5.4)

    If Name is a trail ARN, it must be in the format:

    arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail
  • S3BucketName (string) --

    Specifies the name of the Amazon S3 bucket designated for publishing log files. See Amazon S3 Bucket Naming Requirements .

  • S3KeyPrefix (string) --

    Specifies the Amazon S3 key prefix that comes after the name of the bucket you have designated for log file delivery. For more information, see Finding Your CloudTrail Log Files . The maximum length is 200 characters.

  • SnsTopicName (string) -- Specifies the name of the Amazon SNS topic defined for notification of log file delivery. The maximum length is 256 characters.
  • IncludeGlobalServiceEvents (boolean) -- Specifies whether the trail is publishing events from global services such as IAM to the log files.
  • IsMultiRegionTrail (boolean) -- Specifies whether the trail applies only to the current region or to all regions. The default is false. If the trail exists only in the current region and this value is set to true, shadow trails (replications of the trail) will be created in the other regions. If the trail exists in all regions and this value is set to false, the trail will remain in the region where it was created, and its shadow trails in other regions will be deleted.
  • EnableLogFileValidation (boolean) --

    Specifies whether log file validation is enabled. The default is false.

    Note

    When you disable log file integrity validation, the chain of digest files is broken after one hour. CloudTrail will not create digest files for log files that were delivered during a period in which log file integrity validation was disabled. For example, if you enable log file integrity validation at noon on January 1, disable it at noon on January 2, and re-enable it at noon on January 10, digest files will not be created for the log files delivered from noon on January 2 to noon on January 10. The same applies whenever you stop CloudTrail logging or delete a trail.

  • CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn (string) -- Specifies a log group name using an Amazon Resource Name (ARN), a unique identifier that represents the log group to which CloudTrail logs will be delivered. Not required unless you specify CloudWatchLogsRoleArn.
  • CloudWatchLogsRoleArn (string) -- Specifies the role for the CloudWatch Logs endpoint to assume to write to a user's log group.
  • KmsKeyId (string) --

    Specifies the KMS key ID to use to encrypt the logs delivered by CloudTrail. The value can be an alias name prefixed by "alias/", a fully specified ARN to an alias, a fully specified ARN to a key, or a globally unique identifier.

    Examples:

    • alias/MyAliasName
    • arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:alias/MyAliasName
    • arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012
    • 12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012
Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'Name': 'string',
    'S3BucketName': 'string',
    'S3KeyPrefix': 'string',
    'SnsTopicName': 'string',
    'SnsTopicARN': 'string',
    'IncludeGlobalServiceEvents': True|False,
    'IsMultiRegionTrail': True|False,
    'TrailARN': 'string',
    'LogFileValidationEnabled': True|False,
    'CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn': 'string',
    'CloudWatchLogsRoleArn': 'string',
    'KmsKeyId': 'string'
}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Returns the objects or data listed below if successful. Otherwise, returns an error.

    • Name (string) --

      Specifies the name of the trail.

    • S3BucketName (string) --

      Specifies the name of the Amazon S3 bucket designated for publishing log files.

    • S3KeyPrefix (string) --

      Specifies the Amazon S3 key prefix that comes after the name of the bucket you have designated for log file delivery. For more information, see Finding Your CloudTrail Log Files .

    • SnsTopicName (string) --

      This field is deprecated. Use SnsTopicARN.

    • SnsTopicARN (string) --

      Specifies the ARN of the Amazon SNS topic that CloudTrail uses to send notifications when log files are delivered. The format of a topic ARN is:

      arn:aws:sns:us-east-1:123456789012:MyTopic

    • IncludeGlobalServiceEvents (boolean) --

      Specifies whether the trail is publishing events from global services such as IAM to the log files.

    • IsMultiRegionTrail (boolean) --

      Specifies whether the trail exists in one region or in all regions.

    • TrailARN (string) --

      Specifies the ARN of the trail that was updated. The format of a trail ARN is:

      arn:aws:cloudtrail:us-east-1:123456789012:trail/MyTrail

    • LogFileValidationEnabled (boolean) --

      Specifies whether log file integrity validation is enabled.

    • CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn (string) --

      Specifies the Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the log group to which CloudTrail logs will be delivered.

    • CloudWatchLogsRoleArn (string) --

      Specifies the role for the CloudWatch Logs endpoint to assume to write to a user's log group.

    • KmsKeyId (string) --

      Specifies the KMS key ID that encrypts the logs delivered by CloudTrail. The value is a fully specified ARN to a KMS key in the format:

      arn:aws:kms:us-east-1:123456789012:key/12345678-1234-1234-1234-123456789012

Paginators

The available paginators are:

class CloudTrail.Paginator.LookupEvents
paginator = client.get_paginator('lookup_events')
paginate(**kwargs)

Creates an iterator that will paginate through responses from CloudTrail.Client.lookup_events().

See also: AWS API Documentation

Request Syntax

response_iterator = paginator.paginate(
    LookupAttributes=[
        {
            'AttributeKey': 'EventId'|'EventName'|'Username'|'ResourceType'|'ResourceName'|'EventSource',
            'AttributeValue': 'string'
        },
    ],
    StartTime=datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    EndTime=datetime(2015, 1, 1),
    PaginationConfig={
        'MaxItems': 123,
        'PageSize': 123,
        'StartingToken': 'string'
    }
)
Parameters
  • LookupAttributes (list) --

    Contains a list of lookup attributes. Currently the list can contain only one item.

    • (dict) --

      Specifies an attribute and value that filter the events returned.

      • AttributeKey (string) -- [REQUIRED]

        Specifies an attribute on which to filter the events returned.

      • AttributeValue (string) -- [REQUIRED]

        Specifies a value for the specified AttributeKey.

  • StartTime (datetime) -- Specifies that only events that occur after or at the specified time are returned. If the specified start time is after the specified end time, an error is returned.
  • EndTime (datetime) -- Specifies that only events that occur before or at the specified time are returned. If the specified end time is before the specified start time, an error is returned.
  • PaginationConfig (dict) --

    A dictionary that provides parameters to control pagination.

    • MaxItems (integer) --

      The total number of items to return. If the total number of items available is more than the value specified in max-items then a NextToken will be provided in the output that you can use to resume pagination.

    • PageSize (integer) --

      The size of each page.

    • StartingToken (string) --

      A token to specify where to start paginating. This is the NextToken from a previous response.

Return type

dict

Returns

Response Syntax

{
    'Events': [
        {
            'EventId': 'string',
            'EventName': 'string',
            'EventTime': datetime(2015, 1, 1),
            'EventSource': 'string',
            'Username': 'string',
            'Resources': [
                {
                    'ResourceType': 'string',
                    'ResourceName': 'string'
                },
            ],
            'CloudTrailEvent': 'string'
        },
    ],

}

Response Structure

  • (dict) --

    Contains a response to a LookupEvents action.

    • Events (list) --

      A list of events returned based on the lookup attributes specified and the CloudTrail event. The events list is sorted by time. The most recent event is listed first.

      • (dict) --

        Contains information about an event that was returned by a lookup request. The result includes a representation of a CloudTrail event.

        • EventId (string) --

          The CloudTrail ID of the event returned.

        • EventName (string) --

          The name of the event returned.

        • EventTime (datetime) --

          The date and time of the event returned.

        • EventSource (string) --

          The AWS service that the request was made to.

        • Username (string) --

          A user name or role name of the requester that called the API in the event returned.

        • Resources (list) --

          A list of resources referenced by the event returned.

          • (dict) --

            Specifies the type and name of a resource referenced by an event.

            • ResourceType (string) --

              The type of a resource referenced by the event returned. When the resource type cannot be determined, null is returned. Some examples of resource types are: Instance for EC2, Trail for CloudTrail, DBInstance for RDS, and AccessKey for IAM. For a list of resource types supported for event lookup, see Resource Types Supported for Event Lookup .

            • ResourceName (string) --

              The name of the resource referenced by the event returned. These are user-created names whose values will depend on the environment. For example, the resource name might be "auto-scaling-test-group" for an Auto Scaling Group or "i-1234567" for an EC2 Instance.

        • CloudTrailEvent (string) --

          A JSON string that contains a representation of the event returned.